BMW 5 Series E39

since 1996-2001 release

Repair and operation of the car



BMW E39
+ Introduction
- Maintenance instruction
   Governing bodies, devices and control lamps
   Locking devices and anticreeping alarm system
   Equipment of salon
   Security systems
   Gas station of fuel, start and stop of the engine
   Parking brake
   Manual Box of Gear Shifting (MBGS)
   Automatic Transmission (AT) *
   Tempostat
   The alarm system of emergency rapprochement at the parking (PDC) *
   System of automatic stabilization of stability with the regulator of traction effort (ASC+T)
   Electronic adjustment of rigidity of depreciation (EDC) * and adjustment of a road gleam
   Lighting
   System of heating and ventilation
   Automatic conditioner *
   Autonomous systems of heating and ventilation
   System of self-diagnostics *
   Traveling computer
   Running in
   Catalytic converter
   Anti-blocking system of brakes (ABS)
   The movement with the trailer
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Automobile phone *
   Radio reception
   Readjustment of headlights
   Cowl
   Automobile radio receiver
   The Hi-Fi audio system with DSP *
   Sign of an emergency stop *
   First-aid kit *
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
+ System of onboard diagnostics





Automatic Transmission (AT) *

Automatic transmission of your BMW is equipped with an adaptive control system (AGS). The adaptive control system of the transmission (AGS) chooses for the cars equipped with AT, the most acceptable gear shifting mode, considering at the same time a set of factors. The system takes your individual style of driving, traffic conditions, a condition of the road and a transport situation into account.

The AGS system defines your individual style of driving, estimating situation and the course of a pedal of an accelerator, delay when braking and the cross accelerations influencing the car on turns. From four various options - from exclusively comfortable to the car focused on the maximum use of opportunities - the AGS system chooses the most suitable in this situation.

For the accounting of traffic conditions the system registers turns, rises and biases. When passing turns at great speed it does not make switchings to overgears. On rises switching to overgears is carried out only with a high frequency of rotation better to use power opportunities of the engine. On descents the system makes switchings to low gears if it registers increase in speed of the car and pressing of a pedal of a brake.

As for the accounting of a state are expensive, the AGS system controls coupling coefficient between tires and a roadbed. On snow or at ice it automatically switches to the winter program. For start-off from the place the second transfer is used, switchings to an overgear are carried out beforehand, and on descents in mountains, despite pressing of a pedal of a brake, switchings to low gears are not carried out. It allows you to feel more thinly a situation and promotes bigger traffic safety. As soon as the system distinguishes the road with good coupling properties, it will switch to the usual program. The winter program is also disconnected if you transfer AT control lever from situation "D" to situation "S", "3" or "2" and also if you switch off the ASC+T system.

The AGS system is able to define a transport situation that provides the greatest possible comfort. So, for example, she distinguishes the movement in "traffic jams" and leaves included only in the second transfer until defines increase in the power spent for dispersal.

Certainly, the automatic transmission can be operated and manually. You can use completely possibilities of the car if you transfer AT control lever from situation "D" to situation "S", "3" or "2". Provisions "3" and "2" limit the most admissible transfer. Situation "2" serves, first of all for movement along abrupt mountain roads, at big loading of the car.

Provisions of a control lever of AT

P, R, N, D, S, 3, 2
Indication of the chosen transfer is various and caused by a complete set of your car.

Change of provision of a control lever of AT

Launch of the engine is possible only at installation of a control lever of AT in the provision of P or N.

Before inclusion of transfer of the forward course press a brake pedal as the car if such transfer is included, slowly will move even idling.

Having transferred the lever to the situation corresponding to the forward course wait for the moment of the inclusion of transfer accompanied with a little push and only after that press an accelerator pedal.

Before you go out of the car with the working engine, transfer AT control lever to the provision of P or N and tighten the parking brake.

On the forward party of the handle of a control lever of AT there is (it is shown by an arrow) a blocking button preventing wrong transfer of the lever to some of provisions.

For removal of blocking press the button.

At wrong transfer of the lever to situation N at the movement on high turns at once dump gas. Wait until the engine reaches idling turns, and after that transfer the lever to the necessary situation.

Р - parking situation
Include only after a car stop.

R - backing
Include only after a full stop of the car.

N - neutral situation
Include only at long breaks in the movement. Inclusion is on the run allowed only in case of danger of a drift of the car.

D - the main mode of the movement with automatic gear shifting
This situation corresponds to the normal mode of the movement. Automatically all transfers all transfers of the forward course switch. Functioning of the AGS system is not limited at all.

S - sports program
At such provision of a control lever of AT the AGS system uses exclusively sports program. AT makes switchings before the 4th transfer (at BMW 525tds before the 5th transfer).
It is recommended to pass to the sports program in case - irrespective of the actual manner of driving - there is desire to realize the gear shifting mode focused on use of the available power stock.

3 and 2 - movement along mountain roads and in the braking mode
Include for restriction of number of working transfers, for example, on steep slopes or descents in mountains. Switchings are carried out automatically, however only before the chosen limiting transfer.
In situation 3 the sports program joins.
Situation 2 thanks to the corresponding selection of transfer numbers is especially convenient at towage of the trailer.

The transmission switches to a low gear at the corresponding falling of speed.

Mode of the maximum acceleration (Kick-Down)

Joins when pressing a pedal of an accelerator against the stop. At the same time AT lowers transfer for the greatest acceleration of the car.

Electronic control system of gear shifting

If the control lamp lights up, or on the display of system of automatic diagnostics the message of "Getriebenotprogramm" (The emergency program of control of the transmission) appears, then, so there was a malfunction or in the managing director of switchings to electronics, or in the box.

At the same time the possibility of the transfer of a control lever of AT to any of provisions remains, however at inclusion of the forward course the car will move only on the fourth or fifth transfer.

Therefore follows, avoiding the raised loadings, to reach to the next CTOA BMW.

Works in podkapotny space cannot be carried out at installation of a control lever of AT to provision of the movement at all.

Rules of launch of the engine and from the external accumulator, and also towage of the faulty car are stated by towage in Poddomkrachivaniye's Section and towage.

Steptronic system *

Though your car is also equipped with AT with the AGS system, you, nevertheless, can use also manual gear shifting.

For manual gear shifting transfer AT control lever from situation D to the left to the M/S line. Thereby you make active the sports program of gear shifting. A lever contact in the "+" or "-" direction you give the command to the Steptronic system on gear shifting, transfer the lever to the right to situation D.

Possible provisions of the lever of the selector

P, R, N, D, M/S

D
S
M
+

— Adaptive program
— Sports program
— Manual switching
— Switching to overgears
— Switching to low gears

Indication of provision of a control lever of AT is various depending on a car complete set.

The adaptive program (the provision D of a control lever of AT) will allow you to use advantages of the AGS system.

You will find explanations to manual switching in the M/S mode below.

Change of position of the lever

On the forward party of the handle of a control lever of AT there is (it is shown by an arrow) a blocking button preventing wrong transfer of the lever to provisions R and Ruble. For removal of blocking it is necessary to press this button.

Launch of the engine is possible only at installation of a control lever of AT in the provision of P or N.

Before inclusion of transfer of the forward course press a brake pedal as the car if such transfer is included, slowly will move even idling.

Having transferred the lever to the situation corresponding to the forward course wait for the moment of the inclusion of transfer accompanied with a little push and only after that press an accelerator pedal.

If you want to go out of the car, without switching off the engine, then transfer AT control lever to the provision of P or N and tighten the parking brake.

At wrong transfer of the lever to situation N at the movement on high turns at once dump gas. Wait until the engine reaches idling turns, and after that transfer the lever to the necessary situation.

Р - parking situation
Include only after a full stop of the car. Driving wheels are blocked.

R - transfer of a backing
Include only after a car stop.

N - neutral situation
Include only at long breaks in the movement. Inclusion is on the run allowed only in case of danger of a drift of the car.

D - the main mode of the movement with automatic gear shifting
Corresponds to the normal mode of the movement. Automatically all transfers of the forward course switch. The AGS system is in working order.

Mode of the maximum acceleration (Kick-Down)

For bystry acceleration the pedal of an accelerator can be pressed with transition for the provision of full gas. At the same time the point of the increased resistance has to be passed.

M/S - Manual mode and sports program
Upon transition from the mode D to the M/S mode the sports program becomes more active what emergence of a letter S on the indicator of the chosen program of gear shifting testifies to.

In situation S the AGS system uses only the most sports program of gear shifting. AT will switch only before the 4th transfer.

It is recommended to pass to the sports program in case - irrespective of the actual manner of driving - there is desire to realize the gear shifting mode focused on use of the available power stock.

If you translate the lever forward in the + direction, then the box switches to an overgear, and when translating the lever in the - direction it switches to a low gear. At the same time the first contact causes transition to manual control.

On the indicator of the chosen transfer depending on a complete set of the car 1 is highlighted... 5 or M1... M5.

Inadmissible switchings to the raised or low gears are ignored, for example, switchings to low gears at too high turns of the engine are not carried out. On an instrument guard for some time indication of the chosen transfer appears. At consecutive performance of several switchings the inadmissible transfer chosen as the last is for a short time highlighted. Then the transfer included at the moment is brought to indication.

At the movement in the manual mode for acceleration from the 4th or 5th transfer at a low speed - for example, when overtaking - switching to a low gear has to be carried out manually or and use of the Kick-Down function.

Switching from M to P, R, N is possible only through situation D.

The Steptronic system thinks for you in the following situations:
- In order to avoid an exit of frequency of rotation of the engine to unacceptable values, shortly before achievement of the frequency of rotation limited by the regulator switching to an overgear is made.
- At a low speed switching to a low gear is made without your intervention.
- Use of function of the maximum acceleration causes switching to the lowest transfer which is only possible with this frequency of rotation.

Depending on a situation, for example, in winter conditions, start-off from the place can be carried out on the 2nd or 3rd transfer.

Electronic control system of gear shifting

If the control lamp lights up or on the display of system of automatic diagnostics the message of "Getriebenotprogramm" (The emergency program of control of the transmission) appears, then, so there was a malfunction or in the managing director of switchings to electronics, or in the box.

At the same time the possibility of the transfer of a control lever of AT to any of provisions remains, however at inclusion of the forward course the car will move only on the fourth or fifth transfer.

Therefore follows, avoiding the raised loadings, to reach to the next CTOA BMW.

Works in podkapotny space cannot be carried out at installation of a control lever of AT to provision of the movement at all.

Rules of launch of the engine and from the external accumulator, and also towage of the faulty car are presented by towage in Poddomkrachivaniye's Section and towage.