BMW 5 Series E39
since 1996-2001 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information on control
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and SO level
Replacement of an element of the air filter
Replacement of the filter of air of salon
Check of the brake system
Visual control of the bottom and elements of a body
Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. Sekretka of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
Check of a state and replacement of hoses of a motive compartment
Check of a condition of driving belts
Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of a battery DU brelka
Check and replacement of spark plugs
Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel
Check of functioning of the cooling system
Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Lubricant of locking devices
Visual check of seat belts
Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Replacement of brake fluid
Cooling system liquid replacement. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of the cooling system
Removal of a sediment, replacement of the fuel filter. Removal of air from fuel system of the diesel engine
Replacement of gearbox oil of a manual box of gear shifting
Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
Check of thickness of the conducted clutch plate
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
+ System of onboard diagnostics
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. Sekretka of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel.
Rotation can be made for economy reasons at least through 5000 km, or at emergence of signs of uneven wear of protectors. However you remember that in case of successful rotation of all four wheels you, eventually, should replace all tires at the same time.
Though for the benefit of preservation of optimum road performance, it is not recommended to carry out rotation.
Address information in the Section "Poddomkrachivaniye and Towage" of Introduction for the correct raising of the car and change of a wheel.
The car should be lifted the winch or to install it on support that all four wheels were lifted above the ground. Make sure that the car is reliably fixed!
After the end of a procedure of rotation check and adjust pressure in tires and do not forget to check reliability of an inhaling of bolts of fastening of wheels.
Replacement and balancing of wheels
When replacing wheels it is recommended to keep the direction of their rotation as change of the direction brings in the increased wear of tires. It is also not recommended to rearrange forward wheels back and vice versa.
Balancing of wheels
Serial wheels undergo balancing at manufacturer. Balancing is necessary for elimination of uneven distribution of masses and inaccuracies of production of details.
At the movement of the car not balanced wheels lead to jolting. At a high speed the steering wheel begins to shiver.
As a rule, trembling is shown in the certain range of speeds and disappears at reduction and increase in speed.
The similar phenomena lead to damages of hinges of a suspension bracket, the steering mechanism and shock-absorbers over time.
Wheels it is necessary to balance each 20 000 km of a run and after each repair which lead to redistribution of masses on wheels.
Recommendations about care of tires
Tires have "memory". It means that maloperation with them, in particular, frequent arrival on a border of the road or moving through rails, leads to their damage after a while.
Cleaning of tires
It is not recommended to clear tires a vapor jet. If the nozzle of the device is too close to the tire, then it leads to destruction of a rubber layer within several seconds even if cold water is applied. The tire which underwent such cleaning has to be replaced for the purpose of safety of operation of the car.
Also the tire, a long time which was in contact with oil or lubricant is subject to replacement. At the same time the tire in these places distends, then takes the usual form and externally does not look damaged. However after that load ability of the tire decreases.
Storage of tires
It is necessary to store tires in the dark, dry and cool place. The contact of tires with oil or lubricant is not recommended.
Wheels have to be stored in horizontal position or be suspended for disks in a garage or the cellar.
Before removal we prick it is necessary to raise in them air pressure (by 0.3 - 0.5 bars).
Winter tires should be installed on the drives.
Running in of tires
Tires have very smooth external surface. Therefore new tires have to be rolled (it belongs also to a spare wheel). After a running in the surface of the tire becomes rough.
The first 300 km it is necessary to move with new tires especially carefully on wet roads.
It is possible to establish snow chains only on driving wheels (on a back axis). At application of wheels of 17 inches in size installation of snow chains is impossible.
At installation of snow chains the speed of the movement of the car should not exceed 50 km/h. On roads, on having a snow and ice covering, snow chains it is necessary to remove.
It is necessary to apply only the chains allowed by BMW.
Additional sekretok installation of wheels
Elimination of trembling of a wheel of the car
Trembling of a steering wheel at achievement by the car of a certain speed, as a rule, is a consequence of disbalance of wheels.
Check of a radial and axial beating of wheels
Elimination of a radial beating
Check of a radial and axial beating of disks
Installation of wheels on the car
Balancing of wheels on the car
If malfunctions are completely not eliminated, then it indicates existence of a radial beating or production defect of one or several tires. They are not defined by technical means HUNDRED. It is possible to eliminate them only with replacement of forward and/or back tires. Tires have to be replaced only parno on one axis.