BMW 5 Series E39
since 1996-2001 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Maintenance instruction
- Current leaving and service
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information on control
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and SO level
Replacement of an element of the air filter
Replacement of the filter of air of salon
Check of the brake system
Visual control of the bottom and elements of a body
Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Wheels and tires. Rotation, replacement, balancing and leaving. Snow chains. Sekretka of wheels. Elimination of trembling of a wheel
Check of a state and replacement of hoses of a motive compartment
Check of a condition of driving belts
Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging. Replacement of a battery DU brelka
Check and replacement of spark plugs
Check of functioning of fuel system. Winter operation of the Diesel
Check of functioning of the cooling system
Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Lubricant of locking devices
Visual check of seat belts
Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Replacement of brake fluid
Cooling system liquid replacement. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of the cooling system
Removal of a sediment, replacement of the fuel filter. Removal of air from fuel system of the diesel engine
Replacement of gearbox oil of a manual box of gear shifting
Replacement of lubricant liquid of differential
Check of thickness of the conducted clutch plate
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
+ System of onboard diagnostics
Check of levels of liquids
Liquids are the integral component of lubrication systems, coolings, brake and systems of washing of a windshield. In view of a gradual consumption and/or pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, they should be replaced periodically. Study the Section "Types and Volumes of the Applied Lubricants and Liquids" in Specifications before starting a liquid dolivaniye in any of the listed components.
The card of viscosity of the applied motive oils
Visual control of leak of oil
At pollution of the engine oil and the raised consumption of oil check places of its possible leaks.
With leakage oil is distributed, as a rule, on the big surface of the engine that complicates definition of the place of leak. It is necessary to run for search of the place of leak of oil as follows:
Check of level of motive oil
Oil level in the engine has to be checked each 1000 km of a run. If necessary oil needs to be added.
The consumption of oil should not exceed 1 l on 1000 km of a run. The bigger expense indicates wear of maslootrazhatelny caps.
Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure. Continuous falling of level of oil indicates or existence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or the weakened connections, or its burning out (internal leaks through worn-out piston rings or via the directing plugs of valves). Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy color or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it indicates possible violation of tightness of laying of a head of cylinders or existence of a crack in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Run every time at measurement of level of oil before rubbing of an edge of the probe over it big and index hand fingers. If at the same time the particles of dirt or metal particles which stuck to the probe are found, oil should be replaced (address the Section Replacement of Motive Oil and Oil Filter)
All cars considered in this manual are equipped with the cooling system with the excessive pressure of compensation type. The broad tank is located in a motive compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator. In process of an engine warming up in the course of its work the extending cooler fills a tank. When cooling the engine the cooler automatically comes back to the cooling system that provides maintenance of constant value of its level.
Check of level of a cooler in the tank has to be made regularly. Add 40%/60% mix of antifreeze on the basis of ethylene glycol with the clear water which is not containing lime.
Banish the car and again measure cooler level. If to the necessary level it is required to add only a small amount of a cooler, then for this purpose it is possible to use clear water. However frequent additions of water will dilute antifreeze. To provide a normal ratio of antifreeze and water, always add to the necessary level the required mix.
If the level of a cooler falls regularly, then in system leak existence is possible. Examine a radiator, hoses, a cover of a mouth, a stopper of discharge and the water pump (address the Section Cooling System Liquid Replacement. Check of frost resistance of a cooler. Visual check of the cooling system) If no leaks are revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a broad tank and a radiator in dealer office of the BMW service.
If you need to uncover, wait until the engine completely cools down, then wrap up a piece of thick rags around a cover and turn off it to the first emphasis. If at the same time from under a cover steam or a cooler begins to escape, let's the engine cool down a little more, and only then uncover.
It is necessary to check a condition of a cooler also. It has to be rather pure. If liquid has brown or rusty color, it is necessary to merge, wash out it system and to fill it with new mix. Even if the cooler looks normally, the corrosion inhibitors which are its part lose over time the efficiency therefore it should be replaced through certain periods.
Check tightness if liquid level quickly goes down, address the Section Check of the Cooling System.
Brake fluid and liquid of coupling
The tank of brake liquid / liquid of a hydraulic actuator of coupling is in a motive compartment. It has two cameras, everyone on the contour of braking. The carving stopper has an air vent. It is necessary to watch that it did not get littered.
The tank is transparent that allows to watch liquid level in it. Decrease in level below the mark MIN is signaled the driver by fire of a control lamp. Nevertheless, it is recommended to control the tank visually from time to time.
Check of operability of a control lamp
Windshield washer liquid
Liquid for washing of a windshield is in the plastic tank on the right in a motive compartment.
In areas with a temperate climate the system can be filled with usual water, but the tank has to be filled no more, than on two thirds that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water when freezing. In areas with cold climatic conditions it is necessary to use the special antifreeze for system of washing of a windshield reducing a liquid freezing point which can be got in any shop of automobile accessories. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready look. If you bought the concentrated antifreeze, mix it with water according to the instruction of the producer on packing.